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        地震來了,如何第一時間科學避震?

        【摘要】:
        地震時,在尋找躲避地方時,就應用軟墊或枕頭等物,保護頭部。如果聞到天然氣、煤氣味,不要點燃明火,用毛巾之類的東西沾水,捂住鼻子。??

        九寨溝地震

        Jiuzhaigou earthquake

        8月8日21時19分,四川省阿壩州九寨溝縣發生7.0級地震。地震發生后,中共中央總書記、國家主席、中央軍委主席習近平高度重視,立即作出重要指示,要求抓緊了解核實九寨溝7.0級地震災情,迅速組織力量救災,全力以赴搶救傷員,疏散安置好游客和受災群眾,最大限度減少人員傷亡。

        A 7.0-magnitude earthquake struck Jiuzhaigou County, Aba Prefecture, Sichuan Province at 21:19 am on August 8. After the earthquake occurred, president Xi Jinping paid high attention and made important instructions immediately. He demanded that the earthquake disaster of Jiuzshaigou shall be verified immediately and the related parties and organizations shall involved in the rescue of the wounded residents and visitors to minimize the casualties as less as possible.

         

        經初步核查,“8·8”九寨溝地震已致19人死亡,343人受傷,其中重傷13人,較重21人,輕傷309人,已轉院19人。

        After the preliminary verification, 19 people were died and 343 injured in the “8.8” Jiuzhaigou earthquake, of which 13 were seriously injured, 21 less seriously injured, 309 lightly injured and 19 were transferred to other hospitals.

         

        破壞性地震發生的瞬間,也就是從地震開始到房屋倒塌這十幾秒的時間,這是關鍵的救生時間,在這生與死的緊要關頭,一定沉著冷靜,選擇適當的救生方法。

         

        The moment when a destructive earthquake occurs, there are only around ten more seconds from the beginning of the earthquake to the collapse of houses. And this is the critical time for rescue. In this critical moment determining one’s survival or death to a certain extent, try to be calm and choose the appropriate rescue methods.

         

         

        在室內的避震方法

        1、地震時,在尋找躲避地方時,就應用軟墊或枕頭等物,保護頭部。如果聞到天然氣、煤氣味,不要點燃明火,用毛巾之類的東西沾水,捂住鼻子。  

        2、應選擇結實、能掩護身體的物體的旁邊,容易形成三角空間的地方,如:炕沿、堅固的家具旁邊、內墻墻跟、墻角、有立柱的地方;開間小,有支撐的地方,如:洗手間、儲藏室、廚房等空間窄小的地方。最理想的地方是洗手間、廚房,到時侯可能有水和食物維持生命。  

        3、身體應采取的安全姿勢是:蹲下或坐下,盡量卷曲身體,降低身體重心。

        4、遇到強烈地震,不能開門開窗、跳樓。由于強烈地震,門窗震歪或嚴重變形,很難開門窗,如果一味地要開窗開門,將浪費寶貴的自救時間。如果跳樓,樓房可能很高,可能出現情況的是摔死、摔傷,或被樓房倒塌下的東西砸傷或砸死。 

         

        Methods to avoid injure of earthquake indoor

        When earthquake occurs, you should use the soft cushions or pillows to protect your head. If you find gas leakage, do not make a fire and use a wet tower to cover your nose.

        2. Choose a place where there are solid objects which can cover your body, and it is easy to form the triangular space, such as the low wall, the place next to the solid furniture, the corner, and the place with pillar. A small room, such as a bathroom, storage room, kitchen, etc. are also good place to hide yourself. The ideal places are bathroom and kitchen where there may be water and food.  

        3. The posture should be: squat down or sit down, curl your body as much as possible and reduce the center of body weight.

        4. When encountering a strong earthquake, do not open the window or jump off the building. It is difficult to open doors and windows because they may be distorted or badly deformed due to the strong earthquake. If you try to open windows and doors, you will waste precious time of self-rescue. If you jump, the building may be very high and jumping will cause your injure or death. Moreover, you may be badly injured or even died because of the collapsion of the building.

         

        在室外的避震方法

        1、就地選擇開闊地蹲下或趴下,以免摔倒。

        2、不要亂跑,避開人多的地方,不要返回房屋內。  

        3、應注意避開樓房、過街天橋、立交橋、高大煙筒、水塔等高大建筑物;應避開變壓器、電線桿、路燈、廣告牌、吊車、高大樹木等危險物或懸掛物;還要避開狹窄街道,危舊房屋、危墻、女兒墻、磚瓦木料等堆放物;如果身在山上,應避開山腳、陡崖,以防山崩、滾石、滑坡、泥石流。 

         

        Methods to avoid injure of earthquake outdoor

        1.Sit or lie down on the open ground by your side and avoid falling down.

        2. Don't run around, avoid crowded places and don't return to the house. 

        3. Avoid buildings, overpasses, tall chimneys, water towers and other tall buildings. Avoid dangerous or hanging objects such as transformers, poles, street lamps, billboards, cranes, tall trees, etc. Avoid narrow streets, dangerous and old houses, dangerous walls, parapet walls, brick wood and piles, etc. If you are on the mountain, you should avoid the foot of the mountain and steep cliffs, in case of landslide and debris flow.

         

        學校避震方法

        1、地震時,在學校,師生切忌慌亂沖出教室,在走廊里驚慌擁擠,避免踩傷、摔傷。  

        2、學生在上課時,教師應沉著指揮學生迅速抱頭(或用書包蓋頭)、閉眼、躲在各自的課桌下。

        3、在操場和室外,可原地蹲下,抱著頭部。

        4、注意避開高大建筑物,不要回到教室中。  

         

        Methods to avoid injure of earthquake at school

        1. When the earthquake occurs, teachers and students should not rush out of the classroom in panic and crowd the corridor in case of trampling and tumbling.  

        2. When students are In class, teachers should calmly instruct them to quickly cover their heads (or cover their heads with schoolbags), close their eyes and hide under their desks.

        3. On the playground and outside, teachers and students should stay in place and hold your head.

        4. Avoid tall buildings and do not return to the classroom.

         

         

        汽車內避震方法

        地震時,行駛的汽車里,司機不要緊急剎車,應當降低速度,靠邊停放,如果在立交橋、高架橋、高速路上,應迅速離開。乘客應抓牢扶手,以免摔倒或摔傷;或降低重心,躲在座位附近,地震過后再下車。  

         

        Methods to avoid injure of earthquake in cars

        When an earthquake occurs, driver of the car should slow down and stop at the side, but do not brake suddenly. If you are on an overpass, viaduct or highway, you should leave immediately. Passengers should hold on to the handrails to avoid falls or injuries. You can lower your center of gravity, stay close to your seat and get off the vehicle after the earthquake.

         

        其它滅害的自救方法

        地震時,可能遇到燃氣瀉漏、火災、泥石流等災害,應當采取適當方法自救。

        1、遇到燃氣瀉漏時,應用濕毛巾捂住鼻子、口,千萬不要用明火,或設法轉移。  

        2、遇到火災時,應趴在地上,用紡織物捂住鼻子、口,地震停止后,應匍匐向安全地方轉移,要逆風而進。  

        3、當遇到化工廠著火,毒氣瀉漏,不要順風方向跑,要盡量繞到上風方向去,并設法用紡織物捂住鼻子和口。

         

        Other methods of self-rescue

        When an earthquake occurs, it is possible to encounter disasters such as gas leakage, fire and debris flow, an appropriate method shall be adopted for self-rescue.

        1. When encountering gas leakage, cover your nose and mouth with a wet towel. Do not make a fire or try to move. 

        2. When encountering fire, lie on the ground and cover your nose and mouth with woven fabric. After the earthquake, try to move to a safe place by crawling against the wind.. 

        3. When there is a fire at the chemical plant and toxic gas leakage, do not run at downwind direction, instead you should escape as far as possible from the wind direction, and cover your nose and mouth with woven fabric.

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